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Web accessibility standards are guidelines and practices that aim to make websites and web content accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. They ensure that individuals with visual, auditory, motor, or cognitive impairments can navigate and interact with websites effectively.

There are several internationally recognized web accessibility standards, including:

1. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG): WCAG provides a comprehensive set of guidelines for making web content accessible. It covers four main principles: perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust. WCAG has different levels of conformance, ranging from A (lowest) to AAA (highest).

2. Section 508: Section 508 is a US federal law that requires federal agencies to ensure their electronic and information technology is accessible to individuals with disabilities. It covers various types of content, including websites, software, and electronic documents.

3. Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA): ARIA is a technical specification that provides additional markup for web developers to make dynamic web content, such as interactive menus or custom widgets, more accessible to screen readers and assistive technologies.

4. Mobile Web Best Practices: These guidelines focus on making web content accessible on mobile devices, considering the constraints and capabilities of different mobile platforms.

In addition to these standards, there are also various techniques, tools, and best practices available to help ensure web accessibility. It is important for web developers and designers to follow these guidelines and standards to create an inclusive online environment for all users.

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